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Home > Basic Information

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Updated : April 1, 2013

Basic Information

Introduction to Kagoshima City

Geography

Kagoshima City is located on the southern tip of Kyushu, the most south-western island of Japan's four main islands. The city lies at a latitude of 32 degrees north and a longitude of 130 degrees east. Most of the land within the city limits is made up of ash, volcanic sand and light volcanic debris.

Climate

The average annual temperature is about 19℃ (66℉), and the average annual precipitation is 2111mm, of which one-third falls during the rainy season (tsuyu) from May to July.

Kinko Bay (Kagoshima Bay)

Kagoshima Bay, also called Kinko Bay, is the body of water between the Satsuma and Osumi peninsulas. The area refers to the northside of the straight line which connects Nagasakibana on the Satsuma Peninsula to Tatsumezaki on the Osumi Peninsula. It is designated as one of Japan's 100 Famous Views, and has a winding shape that has an area of 1,130km², extending for about 80 kilometres from north to south, and 20km from east to west.

Population

Kagoshima City is located in the west middle of the southern prefecture, and functions as a core for government, economics, culture and trade flow. Currently, it has the 4th largest population on Kyushu, following Fukuoka City, Kitakyushu City and Kumamoto City. One-third (roughly 35%) of the prefecture's population resides in the city.

History

The start of the city is thought to coincide with the time when the 6th Lord Ujihisa Shimadzu established his castle in Toufukujijou (Shimizu-cho, Kagoshima City) in 1340. In 1549, the missionary Francis Xavier landed on Gionnosu-cho, introducing Christianity to Japan for the first time. Following this, Shimadzu family ruled the Satsuma Clan, which belonged to the Ryukyu Kingdom (now Okinawa Prefecture) during the 17th century, and traded with China via Ryukyu.

In the mid-19th century, Nariakira Shimadzu, the 28th Lord of Satsuma, studied European machinery and civilizations, and built reverberatory furnances and blast furnaces as part of the Shuseikan Project (now Shoko Shuseikan). He made a large contribution to the modernisation of Japan through industrial development, forming a foundation for many other great men to bring about the Meiji Restoration.

The youth of Kagoshima were greatly affected by the actions of Lord Shimadzu, and Kagoshima is the birthplace of several prominent historical figures including Takamori Saigo and Toshimichi Okubo. There are countless important historical buildings and statues throughout the city.

Designated City Flower

Oleander

Designated in 1968.11.1

Designated City Tree

Camphor

Designated in 1968.11.1

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